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Article 12 : Virtues of the Companions رضي الله عنهم

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In a time where some people criticize and look down upon the Companions of the Messenger of Allah , I think it is needful to remember their virtues and status as they are the best of people after the Prophet .

۞ Ayah 1 ۞

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ

وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

And the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Muhajireen and the Ansar and those who followed them with good conduct – Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment. ﴿1

۞ Ayah 2 ۞

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَهَاجَرُوا وَجَاهَدُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ أَعْظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ

The ones who have believed, emigrated and striven in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives are greater in rank in the sight of Allah. And it is those who are the attainers [of success].﴿2

۞ Ayah 3 ۞

لَّقَدْ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَنزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا

Certainly was Allah pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you, [O Muhammad], under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquillity upon them and rewarded them with an imminent conquest﴿3

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Article 10 : Virtues of Seeking (religious) Knowledge

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

۞ Ayah 1 ۞

وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمُ اللَّ

« And fear Allah. And Allah teaches you »1

۞ Ayah 2 ۞

شَهِدَ اللَّهُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ وَأُولُو الْعِلْمِ

« Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those of knowledge »2

۞ Ayah 3 ۞

وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

« and say, ‘My Lord, increase me in knowledge.’ »3

۞ Ayah 4 ۞

إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ

« Only those fear Allah, from among His servants, who have knowledge »4

۞ Ayah 5 ۞

هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

« Are those who know equal to those who do not know? »5

۞ Ayah 6 ۞

يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ

« Allah will raise those who have believed among you and those who were given knowledge »6

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Let’s now look at the ahaadeeth that talk about the virtues of seeking religious knowledge.

Read More »Article 10 : Virtues of Seeking (religious) Knowledge

Article 9 : Islam and terrorism

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

The aim of this article is to clarify the reality of acts of violence and terror committed unjustly in the name of Islam, by presenting the Islamic principles on this subject. More over, we will browse history in order to understand the origin of these barbaric bigots and the beautiful sayings of the Prophet concerning them. Finally, we will finish by putting forward drafts of solutions to eradicate this problem at its core.

1. Unjustified violence in Islam

1.1. Goodness

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ الرَّاحِمُونَ يَرْحَمُهُمُ الرَّحْمَنُ ارْحَمُوا مَنْ فِي الأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ

Abdullah bin ‘Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:

“The merciful are shown mercy by Ar-Rahman. Be merciful on the earth, and you will be shown mercy from Who is above the heavens.”

[Jami’ at Tirmidhi # 1924 – Hasan]

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Article 8 : Description of Paradise : « […] no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever thought of […] 

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏“‏ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَعْدَدْتُ لِعِبَادِي الصَّالِحِينَ مَا لاَ عَيْنٌ رَأَتْ، وَلاَ أُذُنٌ سَمِعَتْ، وَلاَ خَطَرَ عَلَى قَلْبِ بَشَرٍ، ذُخْرًا، بَلْهَ مَا أُطْلِعْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ ‏“‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ ‏‏

 فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ 

Narrated Abu Huraira :

The Prophet  , said, “Allah said, ‘I have prepared for My pious worshipers such things as no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever thought of. All that is reserved, besides which, all that you have seen, is nothing.” Then he recited:– ‘No soul knows what is kept hidden (in reserve) for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.’ (32.17)

[Sahih Bukhari # 7498]

1. Names of Paradise

   1.1. Al Jannâh / الجنة

وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ

And give good tidings to those who believe and do righteous deeds that they will have gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow.

[Surah Baqarah v.25]

Read More »Article 8 : Description of Paradise : « […] no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever thought of […] 

Article 7 : Usury – Ribâ

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حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْشَرٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏“‏ الرِّبَا سَبْعُونَ حُوبًا أَيْسَرُهَا أَنْ يَنْكِحَ الرَّجُلُ أُمَّهُ ‏“‏‏.‏

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah  said:

There are seventy degrees of usury, the least of which is equivalent to a man having intercourse with his mother.”

[Ibn Majah # 2274 or 2360, Hasan]

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِى أَبِى حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ – يَعْنِى ابْنَ حَازِمٍ – عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِى مُلَيْكَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَنْظَلَةَ غَسِيلِ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم– « دِرْهَمُ رِباً يَأْكُلُهُ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَشَدُّ مِنْ سِتَّةٍ وَثَلاَثِينَ زَنْيَةً ».

From Hanzhala, the man washed by the angels, (he said that) the Messenger of Allah  said :

“One dirham obtained from usury transaction, and used by a person who knew that it was a result of usury, the sin of it is more terrible than (the sin of, -ed) committing adultery for thirty six times.”

[Ahmad # 22008]

Read More »Article 7 : Usury – Ribâ

Article 6 : Astronomical calculation and the beginning of the lunar month – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq al Badr

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The hadith of Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet said :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم) said, “We are an illiterate nation; we neither write, nor know accounts. […] »

(Sahih Bukhari 1913 / Sahih Muslim 2511)

His saying: « an illiterate nation », that is to say in the majority, at his time, the majority of the people didn’t write and didn’t count, and those who wrote and counted were present but few, and here it refers to the majority. Thus, his saying : « we are an illiterate nation », means that our majority doesn’t write nor read. And among the blessings/benefits of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is that He made the acts of worship very clear/easy to comprehend, even for the one who doesn’t write or read, meaning that it is not linked to things that requires reading or writing, but rather it is clear/explicit/precise things.

Read More »Article 6 : Astronomical calculation and the beginning of the lunar month – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq al Badr

Article 5 : Salaat Janazah for muslims who committed suicide – Imaam al-Barbaharee, explained by Shaykh Fawzân

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والصلاة على من مات من أهل القبلة سنة والمرجوم والزاني والزانية والذي يقتل نفسه وغيره من أهل القبلة والسكران وغيرهم الصلاة عليهم سنة

[40] « And the Funeral Prayer over the deceased Muslims (Ahlul-Qiblah) is a Sunnah : This includes the one who is stoned to death for adultery, the fornicating man and woman, the one who kills himself, and other than them from the People of Qiblah such as the drunkard and so on – praying the Funeral Prayer over them is a Sunnah. »

Explanation :

This is like as what has preceded : that the one who manifests Imaan and Islaam, then we pray the Funeral Prayer (Salaat Janazah) over him, and he is considered as being amongst Ahlul-Qiblah, and they are those who pray in the direction of the Ka’abah in Makkah. This is the Qiblah (direction of prayer) of the Muslims. We behave towards them based upon what is apparent, and we judge them to be Muslims. We treat them as Muslims, whether living or dead.

Read More »Article 5 : Salaat Janazah for muslims who committed suicide – Imaam al-Barbaharee, explained by Shaykh Fawzân

Article 4 : The descent of Allah – Shaykh Uthaymin

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Question :

The hadith about the descent of our Lord to the heaven of the dunia (this world) during the last third of the night ; and this every night. However, the last third of the night is different from one town to another and from one country to another, even if in every day we have these three durations. So does this means the He is always in the lowest heaven ?

Answer by shaykh Uthaymin :

We think Ô my brother that we will not move from our position which forbids us to talk about / enter in such things.

If you are in a country and during the last third of the night then have belief / be certain that Allâh descends to the lowest — of the dunia. And if you are in another country and not during the time (last third of the night), then there is no descent (of our Lord).

Read More »Article 4 : The descent of Allah – Shaykh Uthaymin